عنوان مقاله [English]
The enemies of the Islamic government always seek to weaken and destroy the Muslims and the Islamic government and its officials in different ways; One of their actions is to fabricate lies and spread them to the maximum; Verses 11 to 20 of Surah Al-Noor, which addresse the believers in more than 20 sentences, express the calumny (Ifk) of the enemies of the Islamic government; It is important to study this issue to prevent the achievement of the enemies and to strengthen the Islamic administration. Thus, practical and developmental researches in this field are necessary; because the enemy is putting a lot of pressure on the Islamic society and changing beliefs through spreading lies and psychological warfare, and the believers must learn and implement the right methods of dealing and reacting to it.
This article examines the aforementioned verses according to the interpretations and addresses what the active and passive reactions are, their types, reasons and how they are. This research has processed library and software data in a descriptive-analytical method by narrative-revelatory manner (verses and hadiths). An examination of some backgrounds shows that so far no research has been done on the analysis of the believers' reaction to the verses of Ifk, and scholars have mostly studied the occasion of revelation of these verses. Therefore, the present article, with this new perspective, examines the reaction of believers to such an issue.
Some of the results are as follows: A passive reaction to the lies and liars is the result of weak faith and lack of insight, and will weaken the position of leadership, and indifference in this issue will lead to great and painful torment, but an active reaction against liars is the result of faith and religiosity, and it leads to be optimist about the believers and pesimist against the enemies, as well as it prevents the occurrence of immoralities.